The word ‘sovereignty’ can have several nuanced meanings which I would like to briefly discuss with the hope that it will help you to understand my perspective on free will and the God/world relationship.
Here in the UK we live under the sovereignty of the monarchy. This means that the reigning monarch (at the moment Queen Elizabeth II) has certain powers and authority in our country and all the countries over which she is Head of State.
We have a constitution, and although most of the power in the UK rests with our elected Members of Parliament, it’s still the Queen who has the power to “appoint and dismiss ministers, regulate the civil service, issue passports, declare war, make peace, direct the actions of the military, and negotiate and ratify treaties, alliances, and international agreements.” (Source: Wikipedia).
So we see that the role of the sovereign in the UK is to make important decisions that directly affect the lives of his/her subjects.
The Queen makes decisions that affect us and impact our freedoms, but she does not control the details of our lives.
To understand the sovereignty of God we need to understand some things about His nature which are different to that of a sovereign monarch. The Queen is a being with physical and mental boundaries, whereas God is boundless. The Queen has limited powers that are God-given, whereas God has unlimited power by His very nature. The Queen exists in space and time, but God is beyond these limitations. The Queen sits on a throne, whereas God is everywhere due to His omnipresence.
The reason I am pointing all of this out is to highlight that the type of sovereignty God has is unique and different from any earthly sovereign, so it’s not possible to draw an accurate correlation between the two.
God is in control of all the details of our lives, whereas the Queen is not. God is the creator, sustainer, and animator of everything that is under His dominion, whereas a monarch possesses none of these qualities. God’s sovereignty, in my opinion, means that ultimately we do not possess free will, whereas on the human level a reigning monarch leaves us with certain freedoms.
I find it unhelpful when people draw an analogy between the sovereignty of God and earthly sovereignty, because the attributes of these different types of sovereign are completely different. This is something it’s important to keep in mind when trying to understand my worldview, and my belief that God’s sovereignty necessarily means we do not have free will.
For a more in-depth discussion of my arguments pertaining to the sovereignty of God over all events, you may be interested in my book entitled Ultimate Truth: God Beyond Religion, which is currently available with free worldwide delivery. For more information or to buy the book, click here. Thank you for reading!